#52Ancestors in 52 Weeks: Military

This week’s prompt in Amy Johnson Crow’s 52 Ancestors project is “Military.” I’ve already written about my dad and my War of 1812 ancestor George Cook. so I’m jumping over to my husband’s side of the family.

John A. Raney is my mother-in-law’s great-grandfather. According to U.S. Census records, he was born approximately 1834 in North Carolina or Virginia.

He served in the 30th Kentucky Mounted Infantry iduring the Civil War. The National Archives says, “Initially created to protect the Kentucky State Capital and to be in the service of the state, their mission changed as the War Department ordered that they be mustered into the United States Service. It seems that the service demanded every available man that could be raised. It was noted that ‘This order at first created some little dissension…’ but the 30th became “one of the most efficient one-year regiments in the service.”

According to a regiment page on Fold3, the 30th mustered in on February 19th, 1864, and mustered out of service on April 18th, 1865. The page lists these notable battles:

~ Skirmish at Cynthiana, Kentucky fought on June 10th, 1864
~ Cynthiana fought on June 11th, 1864 – June 12th, 1864 near Cynthiana, Kentucky
~ Saltville fought on October 2nd, 1864 near Saltville, Virginia
~ Second Saltville fought on December 20th – December 21st, 1864 near Saltville, Virginia

I haven’t found any evidence of which specific actions John A. Raney may have been a part of.

A U.S. Army muster-in card gives this information on John A. Raney: He was born in "Patric, N.C." He was a 28-year-old farmer and enlisted in Russell County, Kentucky, on December 18, 1863. He was mustered in on April 5th, 1864 at Camp Burnside. He was six feet tall, with hazel eyes, black hair, and a fair complexion.
Military record for John A. Raney of Kentucky.

A U.S. Army muster-in card gives this information on John A. Raney: He was born in “Patric, N.C.” He was a 28-year-old farmer and enlisted in Russell County, Kentucky, on December 18, 1863. He was mustered in on April 5th, 1864 at Camp Burnside. He was six feet tall, with hazel eyes, black hair, and a fair complexion.

I haven’t been able to find a Patric or Patrick, North Carolina, but there is a Patrick County, Virginia, right across the line from North Carolina, so I think John was born in that general area.

The earliest for-sure records I have for John A. Raney are marriage records, showing that on May 31st, 1854, he applied for a license to marry Ann Yaden, and they were married on June 1st, in Claiborne County, Tennessee.

By the time of the 1860 Census, they are living in Laurel County, Kentucky, with four children: Rachael E. Raney, age 5, and Mary Jane Raney, age 4 were born in Tennessee, the record says. Sarah. F. Raney, age 1, and Margaret M. Raney (no age listed) were born in Kentucky. John’s details are that he is age 26, born in Virginia.

In the 1870 Census, John and his family are living in Russell County, Kentucky. His age is given as 35 and his birthplace as North Carolina. Rachael, Mary, Sarah, and Margaret are now joined by four sons, William J., age 8; Richard O., age 6; Joseph K., age 4, and Elijah, under one year.

He appears in the “United States Civil War and Later Pension Index, 1861 to 1917” but it is just an index.

The 1880 Census shows John and “Maryan” still living in Russell County, Kentucky. His age is given as 43 and his birthplace as North Carolina. The children living at home are Margaret R., age 20; John W., age 18; Richard P., age 16; Joseph R., age 12; Elijah S., age 10; Terrel M., age 7; Francis M., age 5, and James Y., age 2.

After that, all I’ve found are death records for some of his children.

So far, John A. Raney is the only direct ancestor on either side of the family that I have found serving the Union Army, although there are some ancestors for whom I have not found evidence of military service on either side during that war.

About Taminar

When I grow up, I want to make movies and write books. Now in my 50s, I wonder if I'll ever really accomplish the dreams of my youth. I have made two short films, one for a college film-making class, the other for an MTV-sponsored contest. I have written short plays that have been produced, and a few short stories and reviews that have been published. I also perform and direct for community theatre. My working life has included stints in local TV news, public relations, retail management and cashier, and for a couple of years, I made the rides go at Walt Disney World. I have two cats and a husband.
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